Central Arizona College Back
HPM 169 Clinical Laboratory Assistant Basics I
Credit Hours:  4
Effective Term: Fall 2016
SUN#:  None
AGEC: None  
Credit Breakdown: 3 Lectures, 3 Labs
Times for Credit: 1
Grading Option: A, B, C, D, F
Cross-Listed:


Description: This course defines the role of the clinical laboratory assistant in the healthcare delivery system: infection control principles, safety practices, procedures to collect specimens, methods for preparing blood and body fluid specimens for analysis, and the performance of basic tests at the clinical assistant level will be discussed. An overview of quality control protocols and potential pre-analytical errors will be provided. Prerequisites: Phlebotomy Certificate and instructor consent.

Prerequisites: Phlebotomy Certificate and Instructor consent

Corequisites: None

Recommendations: None

Measurable Student Learning Outcomes
1.0 (Knowledge Level) Define the role of the clinical assistant in the healthcare delivery system as it relates to the point-of-care or clinical laboratory environment.
2.0 (Application Level) Use common medical terminology.
3.0 (Comprehension Level) Describe infection control and safety practices.
3.1 (Comprehension Level) Describe accepted practices for infection control, isolation
techniques, aseptic techniques and methods for disease prevention.
3.2 (Knowledge Level) Identify and comply with federal, state and locally mandated regulations
regarding safety practices.
3.21 (Application Level) Use the OSHA Universal Precaution Standards.
3.22 (Application Level) Use prescribed procedures to handle electrical, radiation, biological and fire hazards.
3.23 (Application Level) Use appropriate practices, as outlined in the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, including the correct use of the Material Safety Data Sheet as directed.
4.0 (Application Level) Demonstrate standard operating procedures to collect specimens.
4.1 (Comprehension Level) Describe the circulatory, urinary, and other body systems that relate to specimen collection tasks.
4.2 (Comprehension Level) Describe the difference between whole blood, serum and plasma.
4.3 (Application Level) Describe and use blood collection equipment.
4.31 (Comprehension Level) Describe the additive by the evacuated tube color.
4.32 (Application Level) Use equipment properly to collect blood by venipuncture and capillary (skin) puncture.
4.4 (Application Level) Demonstrate collection of blood specimens by venipuncture and capillary (skin) puncture.
4.5 (Comprehension Level) Describe special precautions necessary during blood collections by
venipuncture and capillary (skin) puncture.
4.6 (Application Level) Apply the criteria that lead to rejection or recollection of a patient sample.
4.7 (Comprehension Level) Describe how to explain to patients the proper collection and preservation for various samples, including:
•blood
sputum
stools.

5.0 (Application Level) Prepare blood and body fluid specimens for analysis according to
standard operating procedures.
5.1 (Application Level) Apply standard operating procedures for labeling, transport, and
processing of specimens, including transport to reference laboratories.
5.2 (Comprehension Level) Describe and follow the criteria for specimens and test results that
will be used as legal evidence.
6.0 (Application Level) Prepare and reconstitute reagents, standards, and controls according to
standard operating procedure.
6.1 (Comprehension Level) Describe laboratory protocol for storage and suitability of reagents,
standards, and controls.
6.2 (Analysis Level) Recognize and report contamination and/or deterioration in reagents, standards, and controls.
7.0 (Application Level) Demonstrate appropriate tests at the clinical assistant level, according to standard operating procedures.
7.1 (Analysis Level) Compare test results to reference intervals.
7.2 (Application Level) Report results by manual method or computer according to laboratory protocol.
7.3 (Application Level) Report STAT results of completed tests according to laboratory protocol.
7.4 (Analysis Level) Recognize critical values and follow established protocol regarding reporting.
7.5 (Knowledge Level) Describe how to clean glass and plastic labware.
7.6 (Application Level) Use pipetting equipment.
7.7 (Application Level) Use measurement equipment such as beakers and flasks.
8.0 (Application Level) Report vital sign measurements: blood pressure measurements, pulse rate, and body temperature.
8.1 (Application Level) Report abnormal values for vital sign measurement using predetermined criteria.
9.0 (Comprehension Level) Describe established quality control protocols to include maintenance and calibration of equipment.
9.1 (Application Level) Demonstrate quality control procedures.
9.2 (Application Level) Report quality control results.
9.3 (Application Level) Report control results that do not meet pre-determined criteria.
10.0 (Application Level) Demonstrate effective and appropriate communication (verbal and non-verbal)in workplace settings.
10.1 (Synthesis Level) Reinforce confidentiality of privileged information on individuals.
10.2 (Comprehension Level) Discuss the value of diversity in the workplace.
10.3 (Application Level) Demonstrate appropriate and professional interaction with other individuals.
10.4 (Comprehension Level) Discuss the major points of the American Hospital Association's
Patient's Bill of Rights or the Patient's Bill of Rights from the institution.
10.5 (Application Level) Demonstrate professional appearance and appropriate work behaviors.
10.6 (Application Level) Apply written and verbal instructions in carrying out testing
procedures.
11.0 (Application Level) Use information systems necessary to accomplish job functions.
12.0 (Application Level) Report potential pre-analytical errors that may occur during
specimen collection, labeling, transporting and/or processing.
Internal/External Standards Accreditation
The standards are based on the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS) Clinical Assistant Competencies core module pgs. I-5 to I-8. See attachment below for Standards.