Central Arizona College Back
HKS 155 Introduction to Phlebotomy
Credit Hours:  3
Effective Term: Fall 2011
SUN#: None
Credit Breakdown: 2 Lectures, 3 Labs
Times for Credit: 1
Grading Option: A/F

Description: An introduction to the basic knowledge and practical experience necessary for the safe and successful collection of blood specimens. Students have the opportunity for practical experience in a hospital setting.

Prerequisites: High School Diploma or GED; Immunizations required; and RDG094

Corequisites: HKS255

Recommendations: None

Measurable Student Learning Outcomes
1. (Knowledge level) Describe the anatomy and physiology related to the various venipuncture sites.
2. (Comprehension level) Identify the veins of the arms, hands, legs and feet on which phlebotomy is performed. Explain the functions of the major constituents of blood, and differentiate between whole blood, serum, and plasma.
3. (Comprehension level) Identify the various types of additives used in blood collection, and explain the reasons for their use. Demonstrate knowledge of collection equipment and special precautions necessary and substances that interfere in clinical analysis of blood constituents.
4. (Knowledge level) Describe the various types of blood specimens and how each is obtained.
5. (Application level) Demonstrate the various methods of venipuncture including vacuum tube, butterfly, and syringe.
6. (Analysis level) Identify possible problems during a venipuncture and explain how to solve these problems.
7. (Application level) Demonstrate completing requisitions, specimen transport, and processing.
Internal/External Standards Accreditation
1. Label diagrams of anatomy and physiology of the various venipuncture sites with 100% accuracy; indicate and describe on a live patient the anatomy and physiology of the various venipucture sites with 100% accuracy in a minimum of five out of five attempts.
2. Demonstrate correct procedures for safe and painless blood speciman collection including patient prep, application of tourniquet, use of evacuated tubes and order of draw for multiple tubes with 100% accuracy in a minimum of five out of five attempts.
3. Process a minimum of 10 blood samples following OSHA ruless with 100% accuracy.
4. Use the OSHA Standard Precautions. Use the appropriate practices, as outlined in the OSHA Hazzard Communication Standard, including the correct use of the Material Safety Data Sheet as directed.