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Center for Curriculum and Transfer Articulation
Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
Course: BIO160

First Term: 2020 Spring
Lecture   4.0 Credit(s)   3.0 Period(s)   3.0 Load  
Subject Type: Academic
Load Formula: T - Lab Load

Description: Principles of scientific method. Structural organization, homeostasis and control mechanisms of the body. Specific chemistry concepts. Structure and function of the major systems of the body.

MCCCD Official Course Competencies
1. Describe principles of scientific method. (I)
2. Describe the structural organization of the body. (II)
3. Describe homeostasis and homeostatic control mechanisms. (III-XV)
4. Describe specific chemistry concepts of the body. (IV-XV)
5. Describe the structure and function of the integumentary system and body membranes. (V)
6. Describe the structure and function of the skeletal system and joints. (VI)
7. Describe the structure and function of the muscular system. (VII)
8. Describe the structure and function of the nervous system. (VIII)
9. Describe the structure and function of the endocrine system. (IX)
10. Describe the structure and function of the cardiovascular system. (X)
11. Describe the structure and function of the lymphatic system and immunity. (XI)
12. Describe the structure and function of the respiratory system. (XII)
13. Describe the structure and function of the digestive system. (XIII)
14. Describe the structure and function of the urinary system. (XIV)
15. Describe the structure and function of the reproductive system. (XV)
MCCCD Official Course Outline
I. Scientific method
   A. Process of scientific inquiry
   B. Experimentation and analysis
   C. Laboratory activities
      1. Laboratory processes and procedures
      2. Laboratory equipment and supplies
      3. Anatomical models, specimens, images, software, simulations and/or other interactive materials
II. Structural organization
   A. Anatomical position and directional terms
   B. Body planes and quadrants
   C. Body cavities
   D. Regional terms
   E. Structural units
      1. Cells
         a. Structures
         b. Membrane permeability and transport
      2. Tissues
         a. Epithelial
         b. Connective
         c. Muscle
         d. Nervous
      3. Organs
      4. Systems
III. Homeostasis
   A. Components
   B. Feedback mechanisms
IV. Basic chemistry of the body
   A. Atomic structure and ions
   B. pH, acid, base, buffer
   C. Organic molecules
V. Integumentary system and body membranes
   A. Integument (skin and derivatives)
      1. Structure
      2. Function
   B. Membranes
      1. Classification
      2. Location
   C. Wound healing
VI. Skeletal system and joints
   A. Bone Structure
      1. Types
      2. Classification
      3. Bony features
   B. Bone function
   C. Bone formation, growth and remodeling
   D. Joints
      1. Fibrous
      2. Cartilaginous
      3. Synovial
VII. Muscular system
   A. Skeletal muscle
      1. Structure
      2. General functions
      3. Major groups and related actions
      4. General mechanism of contraction
   B. Cardiac muscle
      1. Structure
      2. Function
   C. Smooth muscle
      1. Structure
      2. Function
VIII. Nervous system
   A. Structural and functional overview
      1. Organization
      2. Cell types
         a. Neuron
         b. Neuroglia
      3. Nerve impulse
   B. Central nervous system
      1. Structures
         a. Brain
         b. Spinal cord
         c. Ventricles
      2. Functions
      3. Protection
         a. Cerebrospinal fluid
         b. Meninges
   C. Peripheral nervous system
      1. Divisions
         a. Somatic
         b. Autonomic
      2. Nerves
         a. Cranial nerves
         b. Spinal nerves
         c. Major peripheral nerves
      3. Functions
   D. Special senses
      1. Eye
      2. Ear
IX. Endocrine system
   A. General functions
   B. Major glands
   C. Hormones
      1. Target
      2. Actions
X. Cardiovascular System
   A. Blood
      1. Composition
         a. Fluids
         b. Cells
      2. Functions
         a. Transport
         b. Hemostasis overview
      3. Blood groups
   B. Heart
      1. Structures
         a. Chambers
         b. Valves
         c. Great vessels of the heart
         d. Coronary vessels
         e. Pericardium
      2. Blood flow pathway
         a. Route
         b. Systole and diastole
      3. Conduction pathway
         a. Route
         b. Normal EKG
   C. Blood vessels
      1. Types
      2. Major arteries
      3. Major veins
      4. Circulatory routes
      5. Blood pressure
XI. Lymphatic system and immunity
   A. Lymphatic system
      1. Major organs
      2. Vessels
         a. Lymph
         b. Drainage
      3. General functions
   B. Immunity
      1. Nonspecific
      2. Specific
         a. Antibodies
         b. Cells
XII. Respiratory system
   A. Structures
      1. Air pathways
      2. Gas exchange
      3. Pleural membranes
   B. Functions
      1. General mechanism of ventilation
      2. General mechanism of respiration
      3. Role in acid-base balance
XIII. Digestive system
   A. Structures
      1. Gastrointestinal tract
      2. Accessory organs
      3. Peritoneum
   B. General functions
      1. Digestion
      2. Absorption
      3. Elimination pathway and process
XIV. Urinary system
   A. Structures
      1. Gross anatomy
         a. Organs
         b. Gender differences
      2. Nephron
   B. Functions
      1. Urine formation overview
      2. Elimination pathway and process
      3. Role in acid-base balance
XV. Reproductive system
   A. Male
      1. Structures
         a. Testes
         b. Accessory glands
         c. Ducts
         d. Sperm pathway
      2. Functions
         a. Sperm formation
         b. Semen production
         c. Hormonal regulation
   B. Female
      1. Structures
         a. Ovaries
         b. Accessory structures
         c. Ovum pathway
      2. Functions
         a. Ovum formation
         b. Hormonal regulation
      3. Menstrual cycle
      4. Pregnancy
      5. Menopause
MCCCD Governing Board Approval Date: May 22, 2018

All information published is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of information presented, but based on the dynamic nature of the curricular process, course and program information is subject to change in order to reflect the most current information available.